balance of payments and System of National Accounts

balance of payments and System of National Accounts
платежный баланс и система национальных счетов.
Предметом статистического изучения платежного баланса и СНС являются одни и те же резидентные хозяйственные субъекты (residents entity), а также виды реальных ресурсов и финансовых активов (financial instruments in SNA and BOP). Однако платежный баланс представляет собой открытую систему, предметом изучения которой является лишь одна сторона каждого потока. Если в СНС импорт товаров показывается одновременно как закупка пО импорту в счете производства и как продажа по импорту в счете других стран мира, то в платежном балансе импорт фиксируется лишь однажды — как приобретение реального ресурса (дебет). Платежный баланс учитывает все притоки в резидентный сектор (residents of an economy) и оттоки из него.

Англо-русский толковый словарь внешнеэкономических терминов. - М.: Финансы и статистика. 1992.

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